Saturday, May 23, 2020

Political Economy Analysis Of Outdoor Leisure Essay

Political Economy Analysis of Outdoor Leisure Phenomenon in Field Cities 1. Introduction Echoing the last chapter, which depicts the real life, outdoor practices in three field sites in terms of Guangzhou, Chengdu and Xuchang, this chapter interprets how the power which played by the political-economy from the angles of policies making by the Party-state in relevant with both the central and local municipal governments, the â€Å"socialism with Chinese characteristics† market and the local social communities, on the individual urbanite’s choice of real-life outdoor leisure practices. In other words, this chapter will answer questions: to what extent, why and how, the real-life outdoor leisure participants’ practices in those cities reemerged and developed under the power of political economy driven by the Party State, the â€Å"socialism with Chinese characteristics† market and local social communities under the context of the planned socialist economy to an authoritarian market economy. In order to fulfill this purpose, this chapter first exa mines the prerequisites for the development of outdoor leisure practices in the panoramic view of the whole country and then site-municipal areas, from the ideological perspective, Chinese Macro-economic background, underlying which Maoist era Party-state’s class-struggle ideology has been shifted by Deng Xiaoping and his followers’ envisions about the economy-orientated modernity . From the authoritarian perspective, given by the Party-state’sShow MoreRelatedStrategic1590 Words   |  7 Pages2.The external analysis of China 2.1 A brief introduction of Chinese market 2.1.1 The total market .China is one of the largest consumer markets in the world. At the end of 2013, China has a GDP of $9.24 trillion , increase7.7% over the end of 2012. During the first decade of the new millennium, China’s textile and clothing industry has been undergoing dramatic changes, and so has the market. With a population of 1.3 billion and rapid economic growth, China is now the biggest producerRead MoreNike And Challenges Of Nike Inc. Essay1349 Words   |  6 PagesExecutive Summary Nike was founded in 1972 by Philip Knight and Bill Bowerman. The focus of this report would be an analysis of how Nike’s manages and delivers its service to its customers. It also looks into Nike’s emphasis on its product quality and innovative design to meet the ever changing consumer preferences. By looking at its current strategies that Nike adopt and its appropriateness, this report will provide you a better understanding on how consumer see Nike and challenges that Nike IncRead MoreTiffany Co960 Words   |  4 PagesI. EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT A. Societal Environment 1. 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External Environment -PEST Analysis 3.6. Internal Environment – SWOT Analysis 4. Marketing Plan 4.1. Target Market 4.1.1. Market Share Estimates by ClassRead MoreEssay on Business Marketing Plan3195 Words   |  13 Pages Coursework 1: Task: Marketing Plan for a new street wear (leisure/sports wear) manufacturer who does not wish to distribute goods via traditional retail outlets. Introduction. The purpose of this report is to develop a clearly structured and efficiently detailed plan, regarding the creation of a business producing and distributing leisure/sports wear clothes in UK. The business plan is designed to function under a focus-differentiated strategy, via internal resources. In the sense that growthRead MoreINTRODUCTION TO MARKETING ASSIGNMENT Overview In South Africa, Mpumalanga is found in the2400 Words   |  10 Pagesconsumers. Companies must continually watch and adapt to the marketing environment in order to seek opportunities and ward off threats. 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Monday, May 11, 2020

A Socially Acceptable Form Of Schizophrenia - 1055 Words

Writer E. L. Doctorow defines writing as â€Å"a socially acceptable form of schizophrenia†. Doctorow believes writing can be about anything, no matter how arbitrary, and still be acceptable. J.D. Salinger writes The Catcher in the Rye to tell about Holden Caulfield s misadventures in a 1950’s New York. After Holden, the narrator and protagonist, is expelled from yet another boarding school, he hides it from his parents. Mental illness plagues Holden’s life, and at the end of the book, he ends up in a mental hospital in California. Holden Caulfield could be diagnosed with schizophrenia because in The Catcher in the Rye, he exhibits signs of the illness, such as frequent delusions, disorganised thinking, and negative symptoms, all of which†¦show more content†¦Schizophrenia is difficult to diagnose because â€Å"some of the early symptoms of schizophrenia in teenagers are common for typical development during teen years† and many symptoms are simil ar to other mental illnesses, such as split personality and depression. (â€Å"Diseases and Conditions†). Schizophrenia is often misdiagnosed as depression because symptoms include â€Å"[difficulties] feeling and expressing positive emotions†¦ [and difficulties] experiencing pleasure when engaged in activities or around people† (â€Å"Mental Health†). People with the mental illness are not experiencing sadness, persay, but rather a lack of emotion, especially enthusiasm (Mental Health Information). However, depression and suicidal thoughts are often present with or as a result of schizophrenia, but is not the foremost disorder. Contrary to popular beliefs among scientists, schizophrenia is not a split personality; â€Å"the word â€Å"schizophrenia† does mean â€Å"split-mind†, but it refers to a disruption of the usual balance of emotions and thinking† (â€Å"Diseases and Conditions†). The unbalance of emotions and thinking lea ds to some combination of delusions-- distorted beliefs that contradict those of real life-- and hallucinations-- auditory or visual things that are not real (â€Å"Diseases and Conditions†). The many symptoms of this mental illness are life-altering; delusions

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

‘Still I Rise Free Essays

Maya Angelinos famous poem ‘Still I Rise’ Is an Intriguing poem that shows the poet’s point of view on many different Issues revolving around slavery and racism towards African-Americans. Maya Angelo was born on the 24th April, 1 928 and In 1978 she wrote the poem ‘Still I Rise’. She is known as the Global Renaissance Woman for being a warrior to earn equality, tolerance and peace. We will write a custom essay sample on ‘Still I Rise or any similar topic only for you Order Now She herself is an African-American Oman who experienced racial discrimination. Maya expresses her experiences towards these issues in her writing. Introduction Talk about the context of your poem, including: The poet’s life Important events in the time period If you are doing a song, you may play some of It. However, you must still read It as If It were a poem. Maya Angelo wrote this poem to show oppressors that no matter what they say or do, she will keep rising up. She gives a message to all African-Americans to have argue and confidence, to stand up to their oppressors and display to them that they are proud of whom they are. Audience and purpose The tone of the poem suggests that she is determined to get to where she wants to go and that she is proud and sure of what she is doing. The repetition of ‘I rise’ conveys that she will rise higher than the oppressor and challenge him to keep her down. But, the fact that It’s repeated shows that she has to do it more than once and it makes you feel frustrated and sorry for her. She also Inspires you with her resistance to prove her point and you feel triumphant when she finally gets there. Talk about the mood and tone of the poem. Use evidence from the poem to make your points. Quatrains are used for most of the poem with a rhyme scheme of ABACA which makes this poem is a ballad. But, in the last stanza it changes to emphasis the idea that she will rise. She writes, ‘Up from a past that’s rooted in pain, I rise’ and then later on in the stanza ‘Into a daybreak that’s wondrously clear, I rise’. Here she is saying that he will move on and forget her struggles and misfortunes and become a new person who will be Jubilant and untroubled. Talk about the structure and form of the poem. Does It have a rhyme scheme? What Is Its meter (rhythmic pattern)? (such as assonance, alliteration, meter) are used? Maya leaves no spaces for anyone else’s voice but her own. She silences all of her oppressors and shows them that she Whose point of view is represented in the poem? Whose voice is heard? Whose voice is silenced? Conclusion Sum up the overall message of the poem. How to cite ‘Still I Rise, Papers

‘Still I Rise Free Essays

Maya Angelinos famous poem ‘Still I Rise’ Is an Intriguing poem that shows the poet’s point of view on many different Issues revolving around slavery and racism towards African-Americans. Maya Angelo was born on the 24th April, 1 928 and In 1978 she wrote the poem ‘Still I Rise’. She is known as the Global Renaissance Woman for being a warrior to earn equality, tolerance and peace. We will write a custom essay sample on ‘Still I Rise or any similar topic only for you Order Now She herself is an African-American Oman who experienced racial discrimination. Maya expresses her experiences towards these issues in her writing. Introduction Talk about the context of your poem, including: The poet’s life Important events in the time period If you are doing a song, you may play some of It. However, you must still read It as If It were a poem. Maya Angelo wrote this poem to show oppressors that no matter what they say or do, she will keep rising up. She gives a message to all African-Americans to have argue and confidence, to stand up to their oppressors and display to them that they are proud of whom they are. Audience and purpose The tone of the poem suggests that she is determined to get to where she wants to go and that she is proud and sure of what she is doing. The repetition of ‘I rise’ conveys that she will rise higher than the oppressor and challenge him to keep her down. But, the fact that It’s repeated shows that she has to do it more than once and it makes you feel frustrated and sorry for her. She also Inspires you with her resistance to prove her point and you feel triumphant when she finally gets there. Talk about the mood and tone of the poem. Use evidence from the poem to make your points. Quatrains are used for most of the poem with a rhyme scheme of ABACA which makes this poem is a ballad. But, in the last stanza it changes to emphasis the idea that she will rise. She writes, ‘Up from a past that’s rooted in pain, I rise’ and then later on in the stanza ‘Into a daybreak that’s wondrously clear, I rise’. Here she is saying that he will move on and forget her struggles and misfortunes and become a new person who will be Jubilant and untroubled. Talk about the structure and form of the poem. Does It have a rhyme scheme? What Is Its meter (rhythmic pattern)? (such as assonance, alliteration, meter) are used? Maya leaves no spaces for anyone else’s voice but her own. She silences all of her oppressors and shows them that she Whose point of view is represented in the poem? Whose voice is heard? Whose voice is silenced? Conclusion Sum up the overall message of the poem. How to cite ‘Still I Rise, Papers

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Stochastic Project Scheduling Simulation free essay sample

To deliver a project by a completion date committed to in a contract, a number of activities need to be carried out. The time that an entire project takes to complete and the activities that determine total project duration are always questionable because of the randomness and stochastic nature of the activities’ durations. Predicting a project completion probability is valuable, particularly at the time of bidding.SPSS finds a longest path in a network and runs the network a number of times specified by the user and calculates the stochastic probability to complete the project in the specified time. SPSS can be used by a contractor (1) to predict the probability to deliver the project in a given time frame, and (2) to assess its capabilities to meet the contractual requirement before bidding. SPSS can also be used by a construction owner to quantify and analyze the risks involved in the schedule.The benefits of the tool to researchers are (1) to solve PERT problems; (2) to complement Monte Carlo simulation by applying the concept of project network modeling and scheduling with probabilistic and stochastic activities via a web based Java Simulation which is operateable over the Internet, and (3) to open a way to compare a project network having different distribution functions. We will write a custom essay sample on Stochastic Project Scheduling Simulation or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Keywords: Critical path method, Monte Carlo method, probability, risk analysis, scheduling, simulation, stochastic models. 1. Ph. D.

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Definition and Examples of Language Death

Definition and Examples of Language Death Language death is a  linguistic term for the end or extinction of a language. Also called language extinction. Language Extinction Distinctions are commonly drawn between an endangered language (one with few or no children learning the language) and an extinct language (one in which the last native speaker has died).   A Language Dies Every Two Weeks Linguist David Crystal has estimated that one language [is] dying out somewhere in the world, on average, every two weeks (By Hook or by Crook: A Journey in Search of English, 2008). Language Death Every 14 days a language dies. By 2100, more than half of the more than 7,000 languages spoken on Earthmany of them not yet recordedmay disappear, taking with them a wealth of knowledge about history, culture, the natural environment, and the human brain. (National Geographic Society, Enduring Voices Project)I am always sorry when any language is lost, because languages are the pedigree of nations. (Samuel Johnson, quoted by James Boswell in The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides, 1785)Language death occurs in unstable bilingual or multilingual speech communities as a result of language shift from a regressive minority language to a dominant majority language. (Wolfgang Dressler, Language Death. 1988)Aboriginal Australia holds some of the worlds most endangered languages including Amurdag, which was believed to be extinct until a few years ago when linguists came across speaker Charlie Mangulda living in the Northern Territory.(Holly Bentley, Mind Your Language. The Guardian, Aug. 13, 2010) The Effects of a Dominant Language A language is said to be dead when no one speaks it any more. It may continue to have existence in recorded form, of coursetraditionally in writing, more recently as part of a sound or video archive (and it does in a sense live on in this way)but unless it has fluent speakers one would not talk of it as a living language. . . .The effects of a dominant language vary markedly in different parts of the world, as do attitudes towards it. In Australia, the presence of English has, directly or indirectly, caused great linguistic devastation, with 90% of languages moribund. But English is not the language which is dominant throughout Latin America: if languages are dying there, it is not through any fault of English. Moreover, the presence of a dominant language does not automatically result in a 90% extinction rate. Russian has long been dominant in the countries of the former USSR, but there the total destruction of local languages has been estimated to be only (sic) 50%.(David Crystal, Language Death. Cambridge University Press, 2002) Aesthetic Loss The main loss when a language dies is not cultural but aesthetic. The click sounds in certain African languages are magnificent to hear. In many Amazonian languages, when you say something you have to specify, with a suffix, where you got the information. The Ket language of Siberia is so awesomely irregular as to seem a work of art.But let’s remember that this aesthetic delight is mainly savored by the outside observer, often a professional savorer like myself. Professional linguists or anthropologists are part of a distinct human minority. . . .At the end of the day, language death is, ironically, a symptom of people coming together. Globalization means hitherto isolated peoples migrating and sharing space. For them to do so and still maintain distinct languages across generations happens only amidst unusually tenacious self-isolationsuch as that of the Amishor brutal segregation. (Jews did not speak Yiddish in order to revel in their diversity but because they lived in an a partheid society.)(John McWhorter, The Cosmopolitan Tongue: The Universality of English. World Affairs Journal, Fall 2009) Steps to Preserve a Language [T]he best non-linguists can do, in North-America, towards preserving languages, dialects, vocabularies and the like is, among other possible actions, (French linguist Claude Hagà ¨ge, author of On the Death and Life of Languages, in Q and A: The Death of Languages. The New York Times, Dec. 16, 2009) Participating in associations which, in the US and Canada, work to obtain from local and national governments a recognition of the importance of Indian languages (prosecuted and led to quasi-extinction during the XIXth century) and cultures, such as those of the Algonquian, Athabaskan, Haida, Na-Dene, Nootkan, Penutian, Salishan, Tlingit communities, to name just a few;Participating in funding the creation of schools and the appointment and payment of competent teachers;Participating in the training of linguists and ethnologists belonging to Indian tribes, in order to foster the publication of grammars and dictionaries, which should also be financially helped;Acting in order to introduce the knowledge of Indian cultures as one of the important topics in American and Canadian TV and radio programs. An Endangered Language in Tabasco The language of Ayapaneco has been spoken in the land now known as Mexico for centuries. It has survived the Spanish conquest, seen off wars, revolutions, famines and floods. But now, like so many other indigenous languages, its at risk of extinction.There are just two people left who can speak it fluentlybut they refuse to talk to each other. Manuel Segovia, 75, and Isidro Velazquez, 69, live 500 metres apart in the village of Ayapa in the tropical lowlands of the southern state of Tabasco. It is not clear whether there is a long-buried argument behind their mutual avoidance, but people who know them say they have never really enjoyed each others company.They dont have a lot in common, says Daniel Suslak, a linguistic anthropologist from Indiana University, who is involved with a project to produce a dictionary of Ayapaneco. Segovia, he says, can be a little prickly and Velazquez, who is more stoic, rarely likes to leave his home.The dictionary is part of a race against time to revi talize the language before it is definitively too late. When I was a boy everybody spoke it, Segovia told the Guardian by phone. Its disappeared little by little, and now I suppose it might die with me. (Jo Tuckman, Language at Risk of Dying OutLast Two Speakers Arent Talking. The Guardian, April 13, 2011) Those linguists racing to save dying languagesurging villagers to raise their children in the small and threatened language rather than the bigger national languageface criticism that they are unintentionally helping keep people impoverished by encouraging them to stay in a small-language ghetto. (Robert Lane Greene, You Are What You Speak. Delacorte, 2011)

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Common Mistakes in English for ESL Learners

Common Mistakes in English for ESL Learners Common mistakes are mistakes that even native speakers make on a regular basis. The most common of these common mistakes include its or its, two, to or too, would of instead of would have, and more. The best way to not make these common mistakes is to become familiar with them through a wide variety of examples.​ You can use each of these pages as a starting point to practice not making these common mistakes in the future. Each page has a clear explanation with example sentences. Each common mistake page is followed by a quiz to help you check your understanding. Here are a few suggestions for how you can use these pages to reduce these common mistakes. Remember that each language has its own common mistakes. Some Common Mistakes Top Five Common Writing Mistakes in EnglishGood vs. WellBring, Take, Fetch, GetDifference Between From and OfEveryone / Every OneEveryday / Every DayWhether / IfEnoughA Little, Little, A Few, FewA Lot, Lots Of, A Lot OfFemale - Feminine / Male - MasculineIts vs. ItsTwo, Too, ToTheyre, Their, ThereYoure vs. YourConfusing WordsSince vs. ForHave vs. Of in ConditionalsHas gone to vs. Has been toThen vs. ThanDouble NegativesSo do I, Neither did ISo ... that, such ... thatBoth ... and, neither ... nor, either ... or Improving Common Mistakes Make sure to completely understand the common mistake. Look at the examples and ask yourself if you have made these common mistakes. Think about reading, writing and speaking and how they influence each other. For example, the common mistake would of rather than would have is often made because of the way would have sounds in connected speech. In other words, when people speak quickly they run the words together and the form would have SOUNDS like would of. When people then go to write this form they think back to what they have heard and make the common mistake of writing would of. NOT CORRECT! - He would of come to the party if he had had time.CORRECT - He would have come to the party if he had had time. Take time to write down the common mistakes on a piece of paper or in a separate document on your computer. Spend the time to write five or more sentences practicing the correct form of the common mistake in question. Take the time to really think about the mistake when practicing. Chances are you will never make the mistake again! Listen to / read other people for these common mistakes. Once you understand the common mistake, start listening to other people or reading their texts. Can you spot the common mistakes they make? How Many Common Mistakes Are There? You might wonder how many common English mistakes exist. Thats a difficult question to answer. There are certain mistakes made in grammar, common mistakes made in pronunciation, and there are many common mistakes made because of confusing words. Are Common Mistakes Bad? Common mistakes are mistakes. However, its (not its!) important to remember that the most important thing about using a language is communication. If you are able to communicate in English you are on the road to success. If you make a few common mistakes, you can certainly correct those mistakes. Will People Understand Me if I Make a Common Mistake? Generally, but not always, people will understand you if you make a common mistake. Context (what is happening around the situation) often makes it clear what you really mean. People fill in the blanks, understand that you mean something else, etc. Have confidence and try to eliminate common English mistakes, but make sure to continue speaking and writing English as much as you can!